[Top] Autumnal Colors On the Chiao and Hua Mountains. Zhao Mengfu.
— a descendant of the Song Dynasty royal family, Zhao Mengfu joined the court of the Yuan Dynasty Emperor. He rose to cabinet minister, and secretary of the Art Academy. Despite his stigma as a collaborator with the Yuan, he is one of the most well established Calligraphers in all of China.
There is a long inscription written by Zhao Mengfu explaining why he wrote the painting, and this is again an Archaic pursuit of portraying landscape “blue and green” style. He disregarded correct size for relationships and made things purposefully out of scale. This is not pursuant of beauty to be appreciated by the viewers, and denied the possibility of romantic landscapes. The landscape is austere, even bleak. The artist most prized the antiquity or ancient style displayed in his painting - rather than its modern techniques or maturity.
[Bottom] Bamboo Groves in Mist and Rain. 1308. Guan Daosheng.
Zhao Mengfu’s wife, Guan Daosheng learned from her husband how to paint; many female painters learned from literati family or teachers.